9 класс

Sholpan текст 9 класс – Материал по английскому языку (9 класс) по теме: Тексты для экзамена 9 класс

Материал по английскому языку (9 класс) по теме: Тексты для экзамена 9 класс

School of the air

The huge distances in Australia are also a problem if you want to go to school, especially in Alice Springs. Alice Springs is in the very centre of Australia and is surrounded by the outback. Many of the families live in remote stations, hours from the town. Alice Springs School of the Air was the first of its kind in Australia. It used the radio to broadcast lessons to students in isolated farms. It was based on the same idea as the Flying Doctors.

Many of the students live on cattle stations but they also come from Aboriginal communities, camel farms, national parks, mining camps, road houses, remote police stations and tourist ventures. The students use transceivers (two-way radios), TVs, video recorders, CD recorders, computers and satellite technology on order to follow and complete lessons. Eight to ten students meet for a 30-minute lesson every day. Each student also has short individual sessions with the teacher to discuss how they are progressing and any problems they may have. They spend a maximum of three hours a week on the radio and most of the work is done via email at home.

The  Alice Springs School of the Air has a Sports Carnival once a year where all the students, their families and the teachers can meet each other.

A web of lies?

The incredible growth of the Internet over recent years has caused problems for parents and teachers. Parents worry about which sites their children spend time on, who they chat to online and the possible effects that computer games might have on them. For teachers, meanwhile, the main worry is the way the Internet makes cheating easier!

Schools and universities say there has been a huge increase in plagiarism – taking other people’s words and ideas and pretending that they are your own. In the past, anyone who wanted to copy had to go to a library, find the right book, read through them, find the sections they needed and then physically write down the words they wanted to use. Nowadays, though, students can simply copy extracts from websites – while really desperate students sometimes copy whole essays! As if this wasn’t bad enough, sites offering to actually do homework – at a price – have also started appearing.

Despite all this, we shouldn’t assume that the Internet only brings problems. Indeed, you could say that for every problem the Internet creates, it also brings a solution. Parents can now use sophisticated controls to stop kids accessing sites that might do them harm, whilst new software helps teachers to detect copied work immediately.

One of the hardest things for teachers today is deciding how to mix modern technology with traditional study skills and how best to use the Web in class. As more and more schools install computers in every classroom, the role of the teacher is changing. Making sure students don’t just copy things and do learn how to quote copied work properly is part of their job, but so is designing  suitable projects.

Living well around the world

According to a recent UNICEFF report, the Netherlands is the best place in the world to be a child, while the UK is the worst! The report looked at areas like health, income of parents and education, but also did research into how children felt about their lives – and why.

Several reasons for the country’s success are suggested: there are plenty of parks, play spaces and facilities for the young; the percentage of mothers who work is quite low; parents and teachers put less pressure on their children at school and don’t worry about their children’s grades; families are generally very open and they talk about everything. Because parents are more liberal, teenage issues that sometimes cause arguments in stricter societies aren’t usually a problem in Holland. Here’s what Dutch children say:

My parents spend a lot of time with me. We eat together three times a day and I often go to the park with my mum to play. We’re very close. (Margot, 6)

I really enjoy school most of the time. I hardly ever get bored and the other people in my classes are usually really nice and friendly. If I have a problem, there’s a special teacher I can talk to, which is great. (Robin, 13)

My parents are great. They help me a lot and they never force me to do things I don’t want to do. My life is very free, so I don’t need to get angry with my parents. The only problem is that now I’m older, they want me to look after myself more – and that’s difficult. (Ysbrand, 16)

It only takes Juan Mann to change the world!

In the modern world, it is not unusual for people to feel depressed or isolated. It can be hard to make meaningful connections with others. That was how “Juan Mann” felt – until the day he decided to start giving free hugs. What started as a desperate attempt to change his own life has transformed him into an international star, thanks to the power of the Internet!

On returning to Sydney, Australia, in early 2004, after travelling in Europe, Mann had a miserable year in which his parents divorced and he found himself lonely and out of work. It was a depressing  time . “I was alone. My family was elsewhere; my friends had all moved on. It was just me and I had to do something,” said the famous hugger, who goes by the name of Juan Mann (“One Mann”), but who keeps his true identity secret.

“And I sat around for months doing nothing. Noticing, just watching the world. I didn’t have a lot of contact with people. I was just on my own. And I thought I would try to step out of that and try and do something different.”

And something different is exactly what he did! Mann went to one of Sydney’s main shopping districts holding a cardboard sign saying “Free hugs”- and waited. He expected to last an hour at the most and asked a friend to come along to protect him, and left his wallet at home.

After 15 minutes, however, a woman approached and told him that her dog had died that morning and that was also the first anniversary of the death of her daughter, and that she really needed a hug. Mann was happy to help!

His “Free Hugs” campaign continued quietly for a couple of years until a friend made a film of him and posted it on You Tube, the online video sharing site. Since then, it has been seen by over 14 million people and fans have started copying him. Last year, the video clip was named the most inspiring on the site.

Terrible jobs not a thing of the past

The Channel Four series The Worst Jobs in History returns this week with the nineteenth century. Among the jobs that will be looked at are the rat catcher, (which involved killing rats by hand) and boot boy (endlessly cleaning and polishing the shoes of the rich). It would be easy to think that such terrible jobs were a thing of the past, but the reality is that they have largely been replaced by other jobs where you might be exposed to dangerous chemicals or have to put up with high levels of noise; where you might die of boredom – or simply die!

Call centre worker. Many banks and other companies have call centres abroad where customers can ring for information or to complain. Levels of stress among workers are very high. They often work in cramped conditions, have to stare at a computer all day, and have little opportunity to laugh or joke with their co-workers.

One worker, from an Indian call centre, said, “People can be very abusive. They shout and swear, but often there is nothing you can do about their complaint. They then slam down the phone, and another person calls you straightaway. It’s awful. I’d like to leave, but the money’s quite good and there’s a lot of competition for jobs here in Mumbai.

Recycling plant worker. You are supposed to sort your own rubbish and put glass in one bag, paper in another, but unfortunately many people still do not do this. So workers in a recycling plant have to find the recyclable items from a big pile of rubbish and all for a minimum wage. Apart from the smell, they have to handle dirty nappies, rotting meat, used needles. “I’ve heard of people catching hepatitis from working in those places”, says Solomon Iwenofu. “I did it for a while when I first arrived in America. I actually got on with the people working there. We used to laugh about some of the things we found. After a while, I even got used to being dirty all the time, but, you know, I wanted to do better for myself and my family.

The Edinburgh Military Tattoo

Each summer in Scotland’s capital, Edinburgh , there is an explosion of events that is known collectively as the Edinburgh Festival. However, there is no single event called the Edinburgh Festival. For about three weeks from August to early September the city hosts several different festivals. Before making travel arrangements and booking accommodation visitors should check exact dates, as these do vary. The Edinburgh Festival phenomenon started life in 1947 and continues to grow.

The Edinburgh Military Tattoo. This is the highlight of the festival for many visitors and is held in the marvelous grounds of Edinburgh Castle itself. Spectators can watch and listen to the best military bands from Britain and the Commonwealth countries. This amazing spectacle of performers in traditional regimental dress marching and playing music delights over two hundred thousand spectators every summer. If you want tickets for this you’d better book well in advance, as it sells out very quickly. It is particularly popular with visitors from the USA, Canada, New Zealand and Australia who are keen to re-establish contact with their Scottish roots.

There is also the International Book Festival where famous writers and poets read and talk about their work. The novelist JK Rowling, creator of the Harry Potter books, has appeared here. There is also the  Edinburgh Annual Art Festival and the International Film Festival, which takes place in June. The latest arrival of the Edinburgh festival scene is the New Comedy Festival which made its first appearance in 2008.

Sport

Sport is not just for participants; it’s for spectators too. Millions of people all over the world spend hours every week watching sports events on television, or at stadium. People enjoy being “fans” or supporters of one team or one particular sport personality, and many professionals are now as popular and famous as the greatest Hollywood film stars.

Spectators particularly enjoy watching international matches and contests, and events such as Olympic Games or the Football World Cup attract more and more spectators as time goes by.

The most  popular spectator sport is football. Football is played on a Saturday afternoon in most British towns and the fans or supporters of a particular team will travel from one end of the country to the other to see their team play.

Many other sports are played in Britain including golf, in which you try to knock a ball into a hole; cricket, in which you try to knock a ball through some hoops; basketball, in which you try to get a ball through a net; tennis, in which you try to hit a ball so that your opponent cannot hit it.

The British are great lovers of all competitive sports; and when they are neither playing nor watching games they like to talk about them, or when they cannot do that, to think about them.

 

 

Films and Television

I think that TV is fast and reliable news service. We can be well-informed about other cultures, watch other countries. News help people keep up with trends.

But on the other hand TV is not good for people. It’s normal nowadays, to watch children gaping at the screen all day long, and they stare until their eyes pop out.

I watch TV very seldom because I haven’t much free time. I try to watch TV news every day in the morning before I go to my work. Sometimes on weekends when I meet with my friends we watch entertaining TV programs such as “6 kadrov”, “Comedy club”, “KVN”. But best of all I like the program which is called “Travel club”, because it gives me a chance to travel to another world without living my house. Far away countries and their customs and traditions come into my room.

As for films I prefer to watch science fiction films rather than detective and horror films. For example, I like “Lord of the rings”, “Back to the future”, “Night watch”, because these films give me some kind of relaxation.

I also like our old films such as “Priclucheniya Shurica”, “Kavkazskaya plennica”. I think these films are the best because we can watch them many times.

Tips for Language Learning

Anyone who has studied a foreign language knows how difficult it is to become really fluent. The way a language is spoken in the classroom is often different than the more informal style used in everyday life. Here are some suggestions to help you practice your language skills.

Find a conversation partner. Try to find someone that is a native speaker, and ask him or her to meet with you regularly to have conversations in that language. This is a great way to get experience, talking to someone with whom you feel comfortable. Maybe you can offer to help your partner learn your native language also.

Watch some TV. Try to find a foreign language TV station and watch often. At first the actors will seem to speak too quickly, but try to recognize a few words or phrases. Later it’ll become easier to follow dialogues.

If you are visiting a foreign country and trying to learn the language, you’ll want to take every opportunity to go out and practice. Each day make a habit of going into place like a shop, restaurant or bank. Successfully making a purchase or getting information in a foreign language will help you become more confident. As you become more comfortable in these kinds of situations, you can try to engage others in a bit of casual conversation-a comment about the weather, for example.

             

English meals

Frankly we, the British, are often criticized for the food we have, our cuisine doesn’t enjoy the best of reputations in the world.

I, for one, think that food is not so important. The main problem is not to eat too much and to keep fit.

Being Miss England, certainly, means being slim. I have to be on a slimming diet. Though “have (to)”is not the right word.

I enjoy my diet. My motto is: “We don’t live to eat, we eat to live.”

I believe a lot of people in this country are constantly overeating. Most of them have four good meals a day.

And the famous English breakfast! It is often called a cooked breakfast wich it really is.

Can you fancy eating at a time porridge or cornflakes or some other kind of cereal, bacon or ham, eggs toasts, rolls, jam or marmalade and tea or coffee to finish with? It’s too much of a good thing, isn’t? I prefer continental breakfast, that is just a cup of coffee and a roll. Now many people in Britain have the same, especially on weekdays when they are hurrying to their work.

Healthy body, healthy mind

Sitting around in front of the TV or computer all day makes you put on weight and feel tired. Regular physical activity burns calories and gives you more energy. Personally, if I don’t go running two or three times week, I feel terrible. When teenagers exercise, they notice that their school work improves because they are prepared mentally. So exercise can improve your grades, too!

Which activity to choose? The key to success is to take up something that challenges you and that you can still imagine yourself doing the future. If you want to be good at anything, from playing a musical instrument to learning a foreign language, you have to work hard and practice. Sport is no different, so if you go in for a sport you like, then there’s a good chance that you’ll carry on with it. Resist pressure from your parents to play their dream sport. In nine cases out of ten you’ll give up if you don’t enjoy it.

Team or individual? Most sports build physical ability, strength and coordination, but team sports can teach a sense of fair play and develop leadership and other social skills. But if you can’t stand the idea of teams, choose an individual sport like swimming, gymnastics or weightlifting.

h3O – this precious liquid

Water is everywhere. It covers 70 per cent of the world’s surface and makes up 60 per cent of the human body. According to the United Nations, we need five liters of water a day just to survive, and another 50 liters for cooking, washing and sanitation. Yet only three per cent of the planet’s water is fresh – and most of this is frozen in the Antarctic and Greenland. Even so, there is still enough water for the Earth’s 6.5 billion people.

Global warming is having some strange effects on weather and rainfall, and causing an increase in the number of hurricanes. What’s more, rain is falling in the wrong places, with serious consequences – Australia now has a permanent drought, and in parts of Africa people have to dig deeper wells as the underground lakes that supply them are running dry. As usual, it is the poorest people in the world who suffer the most. One billion people worldwide are hungry because they don’t have enough water to grow food. Polluted drinking water is the main cause of infant mortality.

Fortunately, there are people who believe that access to clean water is a basic human right. The other day a friend gave me a key ring. The key ring was from the Polish humanitarian organization “I collect Water”. “I collect Water” organizes workshops for students, provides teachers with educational materials, sells “Water for Africa” key rings and T-shirts, and collects donations from people and businesses. Before, the idea of this precious liquid being easily available, was just a dream, but the campaign “I collect Water” has given many people access to clean water for the first time.

Tourism: Reading

Coconut Island is a beautiful, tropical island with, of course, coconut palms, golden beaches and clear blue sea. I’m sorry, I made a mistake there. Coconut Island was a beautiful island.

There are still coconut palms, golden beaches and clear blue sea but not like before.So, what happened?

Well, the beach is full of people, sunbeds and umbrellas. The sea is full of speedboats, noisy jets skis and surfers. There are fewer palm trees because there are more and more buildings. Hotels, holiday resorts, guest houses, restaurants, swimming pools…you name it, Coconut Island has it. Paradise is no longer here, but the Paradise Hotel is.

Perhaps I’m the only one who has a problem with this? The tourists seem happy: the weather is wonderful, the food is tasty and cheap, and the sea is warm. The local people seem happy: there are many people selling things on the beach, there are lots more jobs and better roads. The developers are certainly happy, there is building work everywhere. So, why am I unhappy?

Well, I have a friend who was here five years ago. Her photo album is full of wonderful pictures of empty beaches. Also she has pictures of small, wooden bungalows on the beach. No need to book, she said, just turn up and you have the place to yourself-very basic, very cheap, very quiet and very peaceful.

Not anymore! The beach is never empty-it’s packed all day! There is music blaring from the cafes, children

expensive. Most of the hotels are full of holidaymakers who booked their trip months ago. I’m lucky to have a small room at the back of one hotel, and it’s still expensive.

Is this progress?

Books are cool

Young people in England have come third in a worldwide survey of reading skills. In a survey of teens’ favourite leisure activities reading came fourth( after watching TV, hanging out with friends and playing computer games). On average, teenagers read ten books for pleasure each year. This is largely due to an increase in the number of quality books now available for teenagers readers. After the success of the Harry Potter books publishers have realised that there is big money in books for young people.

Two teenage brothers from Cornwall, Chris and Tim Cross, have set up their own website, Cool-reads, to reviews of all the latest books. They rate books using a star system so you can see at a glance if it’s going to be a good or bad read. The site is a huge success with up to one million hits a month. Publishing companies that specialise in teen books always check the site to see if readers like latest books.

Boot Camp

The world’s first ever boot camp for teenagers addicted to the Internet is in South Korea. It provides a mixture of millitary-style physical exercise and rehabilitation. The teenagers climb over assault courses and learn how to ride horses as well as participate in workshops such as pottery and drumming.

The aim is to cure them of their obsessive use of computers in a country with almost universal internet access. Concern over compulsive internet use is growing in South Korea where 90 per cent of homes have high-speed broadband connections and some online games players die from exhaustion after playing for days on end.

Psychiatrists estimate that up to 30 per cent of South Koreans are at risk of internet addiction. The rescue camp in woodland near the capital Seoul treats the most severe cases-they’re all male. During the 12-day sessions participants can’t use a computer and can only use their mobile phones for one hour a day.

nsportal.ru

Тексты на английском языке для чтения в 9 классе

In 1608 an Englishman, Thomas Coryate by name, was in Italy. He liked the country and wrote down everything which he found interesting.

But there was one thing which he thought more interesting than any others.

On one of the pages Thomas wrote: ”When the Italians eat meat, they use forks. They do not eat meat with hands, they say, people do not always have clean hands”.

Before Thomas Coryate went to England, he bought a few forks.

When he got home, Thomas Coryate gave a dinner party to show the forks to his friends. When the servants put the meat on the table, he took out a fork and began to eat like the Italians.

Everybody looked at him. When he told his friends what it was, they all wanted to take a good look at the strange thing. All his friends said that the Italians were very strange, because the fork was very inconvenient.

But Thomas Coryate didn’t agree with them. He said it was not nice to eat meat with the fingers, because people didn’t always have clean hands.

Everybody was angry at this. Did Mr. Coryate think that people in England didn’t always have clean hands? And weren’t the ten fingers we had enough for us?

Thomas Coryate wanted to show that it was very easy to use the fork. But the first piece of meat he took with the fork fell to the table. His friends began to laugh and he had to take the fork away.

Fifty years passed before people in England began to use forks.

Слова и выражения:

inconvenient – неудобный

2

Once upon a time in a small village there lived a young man. His name was Jack. He had a wife and old parents. The family was so poor that there were no nice things in their house.

One day Jack went to town to look for a job.

Some time passed and he came back with a box full of presents for everybody. He gave his mother a shawl, his father a warm cap and a shirt, his wife a beautiful dress.

All of them liked the presents very much and were glad to have them. But Jack’s wife wanted to know what else there was in the box.

So, when Jack went to see his friends, she opened the box and saw a beautiful young woman in it.

She got very angry and began to cry. When her father-in-law heard it, he asked why she was crying. She told him she was so angry because there was a young woman in the box.

The old man thought it was strange and decided to look at the young woman. But when he opened the box, he saw no young woman there. An old man was looking at him from the box.

Jack’s father told his daughter-in-law there was an old man in the box and not a young woman. But she didn’t believe him and went on crying. She said Jack didn’t love her.

When Jack’s mother heard the young woman’s story, she didn’t believe her either. She looked into the box and saw an old woman there.

So they began to look into the box in turn and Jack’s wife saw a beautiful woman, Jack’s father saw an old man, and Jack’s mother saw an old woman there.

Soon Jack returned home, and when he came into the room, he saw his wife, his mother and father at the box.

He laughed at them because they didn’t know what they saw in the box.

What was there in the box? Can you guess?

Слова и выражения:

a shawl -шаль

a father-in-law -свёкор

a daughter-in law -невестка, сноха

to guess – догадываться

3

Weddings are associated with many traditions. The date of a wedding is very important. May is traditionally unlucky for weddings. But today many young people in England marry between Easter and May.

For every bride her wedding dress is very important. At most weddings brides get married in white. People think that many other colours are unlucky, for example, green, yellow and red, but the bride can be dressed in blue.

They say that the bride’s dress must have “something old and something new”. “Old” means the past, “new” means the future.

Even a modern bride will not wear her dress before the wedding. The groom mustn’t see her before the ceremony in the wedding dress. The bride can’t try on her veil at the same time as the dress. Many brides put it on for the first time on the day of the wedding. Some brides even believe that the wedding dress mustn’t be finished until the wedding morning.

An important thing is a wedding cake. Today the cake is first cut by the bride. They say that pieces of cake bring good luck.

Слова и выражения:

a wedding – свадьба

a groom – жених

a bride – невеста

a veil – фата

4

Mr. and Mrs. Williams had always spent their summer holidays in England in the past, in a small boarding-house at the seaside. One year, however, Mr. Williams made a lot of money in his business, so they decided to go to Rome and stay at a really good hotel while they went around and saw the sights of that famous city.

They flew to Rome, and arrived at their hotel late one evening. They expected that they would have to go to bed hungry, because in the boarding houses they had been used to in the past, no meals were served after seven o’clock in the evening. They were therefore surprised when the clerk who received them in the hall of the hotel asked them whether they would be taking dinner there that night.

“Are you still serving dinner then?” asked Mrs. Williams.

“Yes, certainly, madam,” answered the clerk. “We serve it until half past nine.”

“What are the times of meals then?” asked Mr. Williams.

“Well, sir,” answered the clerk, “we serve breakfast from seven to half past eleven in the morning, lunch from twelve to three in the afternoon, tea from four to five, and dinner from six to half past nine.”

“But that hardly leaves any time for us to see the sights of Rome!” said Mrs. Williams in a disappointed voice.

Слова и выражения

boarding-house – пансионат

to go around – ходить, путешествовать (по городу)

to see the sights – осматривать достопримечательности

to be used to -иметь привычку к чему-либо

to serve meals – подавать еду на стол

hardly -едва, вряд ли

disapрointed – разочарованный

5

Once upon a time there lived two sisters. The elder sister had a son. The boy was one year old. The two women loved the boy dearly.

One day the sisters quarreled and at night the younger sister tried to leave the house with the baby. The elder sister saw it and stopped her.

“You cannot take the boy! He’s my son!” said the elder sister.

But the younger sister wanted to have the boy very much and she said: “I’ll tell the judge the boy is mine. I love the baby so much that the judge will believe me.”

So in the morning they went to the judge. Each woman told him that the baby was hers.

The judge thought a little and then called his servants.

“Cut the child into two halves and give each woman the half of the boy,” he said.

The younger sister didn’t say a word, but the elder sister told the judge: “I’m not the child’s mother. Give him to my sister and let him live.”

The judge then said to the servants: “Give the boy to the elder sister. She is the real mother.”

Слова и выражения:

To quarrel – ссориться

a judge – судья

a servant -слуга

6

Mrs. Black was having a lot of troubles with her skin, so she went to her doctor about it. He couldn’t find anything wrong with her, however, he sent her to the local hospital for some tests. The hospital, of course, sent the results of the tests direct to Mrs. Black’s doctor, and the next morning he telephoned her to give her the list of the things that he thought she shouldn’t eat, as any of them might be the cause of her skin trouble.

Mrs. Black carefully wrote all the things down on a piece of paper, which she then left beside the telephone while she went out to the ladies meeting.

When she got back home two hours later, she found her husband waiting for her. He had a big basket full of packages beside him, and when he saw her, he said: ” Hullo, dear. I have done all your shopping for you.”

“Done all my shopping?” she asked in surprise. “But how did you know what I wanted?”

“Well, when I got home, I found your shopping list beside the telephone,” answered her husband, “so I went down to the shops and bought everything you had written down.”

Of course Mrs. Black had to tell him that he had bought all the things the doctor didn’t allow her to eat.

Слова и выражения

local- местный

to send smth. direct – направить что-либо прямо, непосредственно куда-либо

cause- причина, источник

skin trouble – болезнь кожи

package – свёрток

shopping list – список покупок

to allow – позволять, разрешать

7

It was a very foggy day in London. The fog was so thick that it was impossible to see more than a foot or so. Buses, cars and taxies were not able to run and were standing by the side of the road. People were trying to find their way about on foot but were losing their way in the fog. Mr. Smith had a very important meeting at the House of Commons and had to get there but no one could take him. He tried to walk but found he was quite lost. Suddenly he bumped into a stranger. The stranger asked if he could help him. Mr. Smith said he wanted to get to the Houses of Parliament. The stranger told him he would take him there. Mr. Smith thanked him and they started to walk there. The fog was getting thicker every minute but the stranger had no difficulty in finding the way. He went along the street, turned down another, crossed a square and at last after about half an hour’s walk they arrived at the Houses of Parliament. Mr. Smith couldn’t understand how the stranger found his way.

“It was wonderful,” he said. “How did you find the way in this fog?”

“It was no trouble at all to me,” said the stranger. “I am blind.”

Слова и выражения:

fog – туман

the House of Commons – палата общин

blind – слепой

8

This is a story about a well-know millionaire, John D. Rockfeller, and was told by a friend of his. This friend said that though Rockfeller gave away millions, Rockfeller himself was very mean about small sums of money.

One day he went to stay at a hotel in New York and asked for the cheapest room they had. Rockfeller said, “What is the price of the room?” The manager told him.

“And which floor is it on?” Again the manager told him.

“Is this the lowest priced room you have? I am staying here by myself and only need a small room.”

The manager said, “That room is the smallest and the cheapest we have,” and added, “But why do you choose a poor room like that? When your son stays here he always has our most expensive room; yours is our cheapest.”

“Yes,” said Rockfeller, “but his father is a wealthy man; mine isn’t.”

Слова и выражения:

mean- скупой

9

Jack, an old sailor who spent many years in the Navy, was walking along the country road when he came to a farm house. The farmer was standing at the door and Jack said, ” I have been walking all day looking for work. Will you give me a job?”

“Have you ever done any farm work?” said the farmer.

“No,” said Jack. ”I have been a sailor all my life, but I will do any job you like to give me.”

“All right,” said the farmer. “I’ll give you a chance. Do you see that flock of sheep scattered over the hillside?”

”Yes,” answered Jack.

”Well,” said the farmer. ”Get them all through that gate and into the yard.”

“Right,” said Jack. ”I’ll do that.”

About an hour later the farmer went to the yard. Jack was leaning on the gate wiping his forehead.

”Did you get them all?” said the farmer.

”Yes,” said Jack. The farmer looked around to be sure enough all the sheep were gathered in the yard and the gate was shut. Then the farmer saw a hare running round among the sheep. The sailor saw that he was looking at it.

”Yes,” he said, ”that little fellow there gave me more trouble than all the rest put together.”

Слова и выражения:

the Navy – морской флот

a flock – стадо

to be scattered – быть разбросанным

hillside – склон холма

to lean – опираться, облокачиваться

to wipe – вытирать

forehead – лоб

10

Two men were travelling in a very wild and lonely part of America. For days they had not even seen a house, only a few huts made of wood, or tents made of skins. Then one day they met an old Indian who earned his living by trapping animals for their fur. They found that he knew their language and they had a little conversation with him. One of them asked if he could tell them what the weather would be like within the next few days.

”Yes,” he said. ”Rain is coming, and wind. Then there will be snow for two days, but after that there will be bright sunshine.”

”Isn’t that wonderful?” said one man to his friend. ”These old Indians know more of the secrets of Nature than we do with all our science. They have not been spoiled by civilization.” Then he turned to the Indian.

”Tell me,” he said, ”how you know all that.”

The Indian replied: ”I heard it on the radio.”

Слова и выражения:

a hut – хижина

to trap – ставить капканы

fur – мех

11

Once on April, 1, a coach was going along a country road when it suddenly slowed down and stopped. It was full of passengers who anxiously watched the driver turn switchers and press buttons. However it was not of any use. The driver turned to the passengers and said in a sad voice: ”This coach is getting old. It doesn’t run as well as it used to some time ago. I am afraid there is only one thing that we could do if we want to get to the place today. I wonder if all of you could help me.” The passengers willingly agreed as no one wanted to spend a lot of time in the middle of nowhere.

The driver said: ”So, this is what you do to get the coach to start. I will count three, and when you hear ”three” I want you all to lean forward as hard as you can. I hope it will help us. It usually does. Well, ready everyone?” The passengers shouted back to the driver that they were ready, leaned back and waited.

The driver started to count and as he said ”three” everyone leaned forward. And the greatest surprise was that the coach did start! Of course it wasn’t a surprise for the driver and some of the passengers who had already understood that they all had been laughed at. In fact the driver didn’t have to give a merry cry ”April Fool” because all the passengers were laughing at the driver’s joke.

Слова и выражения;

a coach – междугородный автобус

anxiously – зд. с надеждой

willingly – охотно

to lean – потянуться , вытянуться, откинуться

12

Once a little mouse who was not on very good terms with cats like all mice, decided to give herself a treat of cheese. To do this she had to cross over to the other side of the kitchen where the table was. She knew the cheese was there because she could feel its wonderful smell. But there was a small problem. The mouse was not sure if there were any cats in the house. She certainly wouldn’t like to run the risk of being eaten so she sat inside the wall near the mouse hole and listened.

It must be mentioned that our mouse was not an ordinary one. She was the sort of gifted and she had some logic. She was taught to think twice before doing something to avoid unpleasant consequences. That was why she didn’t hurry.

At last she heard someone barking. The mouse thought: ”It must be a dog. Dogs don’t eat mice, and cats don’t usually live where dogs are. It means I can get to the cheese quite safely.” That was absolutely logical.

But to the mouse’s greatest surprise as soon as she got out the mouse hole she was attacked by a big cat and eaten in some time. The thing is that it was the cat who was barking. ”Indeed, knowing foreign languages can open new possibilities and give you a wider picture of the world,” said the cat to himself and made off a bird’s song.

Слова и выражения:

to be on terms- быть в каких-либо отношениях

to give oneself a treat – угоститься, побаловать себя

to run the risk – подвергаться риску

gifted – одарённая, талантливая

to avoid – избежать

consequences – последствия

to bark – лаять

make off – зд. выдать, воспроизвести (в звуке)

13

Once a teacher was giving a class a lesson on sports and keeping fit. The class consisted of thirty twelve-year-old boys who usually listened to their teacher attentively. The teacher told them about the importance of keeping fit. They discussed jogging, going to gyms, doing morning exercises. The boys seemed interested, and the teacher was pleased they had understood what he was trying to say.

”Swimming is also helpful if you want to be in a good form. You are lucky if you live near a river or a sea, because you can go swimming every morning, afternoon or evening. The more you swim, the stronger your arms and legs are. Swimming also gives you a lot of energy. I’ve got a friend who lives near a river. Every day he gets up and swims across the river three times before breakfast.” said the teacher.

As he looked at the class he noticed that one boy was smiling. ”Why are you smiling, Pete? You don’t believe that a trained person can do that, do you?” asked the teacher. The boy said ”Yes, sir, I do. I was just thinking about your friend. I guess he should do that four times.” The teacher was surprised at the boy’s answer. ”Why on earth is that?” he asked. ”To get back to his clothes and his breakfast,” said the boy.

Слова и выражения:

attentively – внимательно

to keep fit – поддерживать форму (спортивную)

jogging – бег трусцой

14

Once upon a time a Frenchman was traveling in England. He had only started learning English a month ago so he didn’t speak the language well enough. He thought he knew a lot of grammar, but he knew he had some problems with vocabulary, so he always took a pocket French-English dictionary with him. Apart from that he was rather absent-minded and often left this dictionary at the hotel where he was staying.

One day he took a trip to Oxford. When he got there he suddenly remembered that he had forgotten to have his breakfast. He was so hungry that he decided to have a meal in a cafe`. He wanted to take a typical English breakfast – some bacon, eggs, toasts and coffee. When a waiter came up and asked what he would like to order the Frenchman realized in horror that he didn’t remember the English for ”eggs”. He searched his pockets for the dictionary but it wasn’t there. ”What am I to do?” he thought (in French, of course).

The waiter was looking at the silent customer impatiently. Eventually the Frenchman had an idea. He asked the waiter: ”What do you call a bird that makes a cock-a-doodle-doo?” ”A cock, sir,” answered the waiter. ”And what about his children which have not been born yet?” he went on. ”Do you mean eggs?” said the waiter with a smile. ”Oh, yes, that’s the word! Bring me two of them, some bacon, toasts and coffee,” replied the Frenchman with relief.

Слова и выражения:

vocabulary -словарный запас

a pocket- карман

apart from that – несмотря на это

to search – обыскивать, проверять

in horror – в ужасе

silent – безмолвный. молчащий

impatiently- нетерпеливо

eventually – случайно

relief – облегчение

cock-a-doodle-doo – кукареку

15

Once there was a bookseller in a small town who didn’t like to spend his money. One day, when he was working in a shop, heavy box of books fell down on his foot and hurt it. When he told his wife about it, she suggested going to the doctor. But the bookseller refused. He said that he had a better plan. He would wait until the doctor came into the shop next time to buy something and ask about his foot. He understood that if he went to see the doctor, he would have to pay him.

Luckily the next day the doctor came into the shop and bought some books. As the bookseller was wrapping the books, he told the doctor what had happened to his foot. The doctor agreed to have a look at it. After he had examined the bookseller’s foot, he told him what to do with it. He also took out a piece of paper from his briefcase and wrote a prescription for some ointment. The bookseller was very pleased that he wouldn’t have to pay the doctor any money. But the doctor understood that his knowledge had been used for free. Of course, he didn’t like it. So, when the bookseller gave those carefully wrapped books to the doctor and said that they were five pounds, the doctor said it was exactly the money he charged for a visit. It goes without saying the bookseller was furious, but he couldn’t do anything about it as the doctor was right.

Слова и выражения:

to hurt – ударять, причинять боль

to refuse – отказаться

to wrap – заворачивать во что-то

a briefcase – докторский саквояж

a prescription – рецепт

ointment – мазь

for free – бесплатно

exactly – зд. именно

to charge – оценивать

furious – вне себя от ярости

it goes without saying – не стоит и говорить, что …

infourok.ru

Текст с заданиями в формате ОГЭ для 9 класса по английскому языку.

Work with the text.

Установите соответствие между заголовками А—G и текстами 1—6. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

A. Future Rescuers

B. Origin of the Superstition

C. Significant Difference

D. Oldest Creatures

E. Traditions

F. Distress Call

G. Visible Obstacle

1. People in China and other Asian communities joined the global celebration of this millennium. On February 5, many people welcome the first day of the Year of the Dragon. The 15-day Chinese New Year festival marks the beginning of a new year and a new life. This Chinese Year is year number 4698.

2. The term «Mayday» is an internationally recognized radio signal which is only used when a ship is in great danger and needs help immediately. The signal is transmitted on a wavelength of 2.182 kHz, which is permanently monitored by rescue services on the shore. The use of this expression has a very straightforward explanation. It came from the French phrase «m’aidez», which means «help me».

3. In 1700, Henri Misson, a Frenchman visiting Britain asked villagers why they had horseshoes nailed above their doors. They said ‘it was to keep witches away. Horseshoes are made of iron and the strength of the iron was thought to protect from evil. Still today they are thought to bring good luck and many brides carry silver ones at their weddings. The position of the horseshoe is very important. It must point upwards like a cup so that the luck cannot fall out.

4. Women generally live about six years longer than men. Evidence suggests that boys are the weaker sex at birth, which means that more die in infancy. Also women do not have as much heart disease as men. In terms of lifestyle, men smoke more than women and thus more die of smoking- related diseases. Also, they generally have more dangerous occupations, such as building work.

5. Scientists say that rats can help to look for earthquake survivors buried in the ruined buildings. Dogs are already used to search for people, but rats can be even more useful. Like dogs they’ve got a great sense of smell, but scientists still need to train rats to sniff out people and to carry special radio transmitters to let them know when the survivor is found. Rats may also be trained to find bombs or explosives.

Dinosaurs roared for about 150 million years before they disappeared. We humans have only been around for about 2 million years. But cockroaches are 350 million years old and still going strong! Cockroaches can survive in extreme conditions. They can be frozen, then thawed, and walk away as if nothing had happened. They can go for incredibly long time without eating anything. And that is the secret of their success!

Work with the text

Вариант 2

Установите соответствие между заголовками А—G и текстами 1—6. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

A. Health

B. Solar Car Fan

C. Traditions

D. Travelling

E. Significant Difference

F. Books

G. Bizarre Summer Fashion

1. Women generally live about six years longer than men. Evidence suggests that boys are the weaker sex at birth, which means that more die in infancy. Also women do not have as much heart disease as men. In terms of lifestyle, men smoke more than women and thus more die of smoking- related diseases. Also, they generally have more dangerous occupations, such as building work.

2. Welcome to England’s leading seaside resort! Enjoy the mild, healthy sea air, the beautiful architecture, the restful parks, the variety of the shopping streets. Take a trip with us into the beautiful Sussex countryside around Brighton, to romantic windmills, old castles and palaces.

3. A solar panel, which is 5 inches by 4.5 inches, powers the fan, which exchanges hot air inside the car for the presumably cooler air outside. If you park in the shade and want to use the fan, there’s a plug-in adapter for the car. One retail Website says the fan can reduce your parked car’s interior temperature by 25 degrees, though that’s not much solace considering another Website cited 160 to 180 degree temps inside a parked car on a hot day. If you want to try to make your car cooler, you can buy this solar gadget online for around $10.

4. These famous horror stories explore the dark world of the writer’s imagination, where the dead live and speak, where fear lies in every shadow of the mind.

5. People in China and other Asian communities joined the global celebration of this millennium. On February 5, many people welcome the first day of the Year of the Dragon. The 15-day Chinese New Year festival marks the beginning of a new year and a new life. This Chinese Year is year number 4698.

6. This bamboo fan cap works just as you might imagine. Sunlight is absorbed through the disk on the top of the hat, which powers the fan that blows onto the forehead of the person wearing this unfortunate fashion accessory. Ladies don’t distress, there is also a more feminine style for those of you who are more apt to go for a floral design. For the joker in you or for those of you just wanting to keep cool, both styles are for sale in the UK at just £11.00 each.

Ключи

1вариант

1. E

2. F

3. B

4. С

5. A

6. D

2 вариант

1.E

2.D

3.B

4.F

5.C

6.G

infourok.ru

Методическая разработка по английскому языку (9 класс) на тему: тексты для экзамена в 9 классе

тексты для экзамена в 9 классе

A Carpet of Many Colours.  (1)

Read the text and answer the questions.

England is not a large country. No town in England is very far from the sea, and many English families spend their summer holidays at the seaside. There are no high mountains in England, no very long rivers, and no very large forests.

There are many towns in England. No town is very far from another. The English countryside between the towns is like a carpet of many colours. In spring and summer, the fields, meadows and forests are light green or dark green, and the gardens are green, red, blue, yellow and white with flowers. In autumn the leaves on the trees change their colour from green to yellow, brown and red.

You can see many cows and sheep in the English meadows. There are sheep-farms and cattle-farms in all parts of England.

The English summer is never very hot, and the winter is not very cold. Spring and autumn are cool. Cold winds blow in winter and there are cool winds in summer. There is little snow and much rain in England. Spring and summer are beautiful seasons, because the sun often shines brightly. The fields, meadows and forests are green and there are many beautiful flowers of all colours in the gardens.

Autumn is a nice season, too. It is the season of the harvest, the season of beautiful apples.

There are many fine days in winter, when the sun shines. But all children like summer, because it is the season of holidays, the season when they go to the seaside or play in green meadows and forests.

 carpet   [‘kapit] — ковер

 mountain   [‘mauntin] — гора

 meadow [‘medou] — луг

 leaves [li:vz] — листья

cattle- крупный рогатый скот

Answer the questions:

1. Where do English families spend their summer holidays?

2. What colour are the fields, meadows and forests in spring?

3.  Are there sheep-farms and cattle-farms in all parts of England?

4.  Why do all children like summer?

Shops and Shopping. (11)

Read the text and answer the questions.

There are different kinds of shops. Some of them sell bread. Others have tea, sugar, coffee, butter, cheese, sausages, meat, fruit.

When we want to buy something, we take our shopping-bag and go to a shop. There we can see shop-assistants who sell things.

Many people do their shopping at the market. There farmers and other people sell vegetables and fruit which they grow themselves. They sell meat, milk and other things too.

Large shops with many departments are department stores and supermarkets. In these stores we can buy almost all we want. In the windows we see all the things which they sell there — food, suits, dresses, coats, boots, shoes, radio and TV sets, and many other things.

vegetables –овощи

Answer the questions:

  1. Are shops important in our life?
  2. What do farmers do with the vegetables and fruit which they cannot use themselves?
  3. What is good about department stores (supermarkets)?
  4. Why do so many people visit them?

Mother’s Day in Great Britain. (2)

Read the text and answer the questions.

In Great Britain, there is a holiday now which people call Mother’s Day. In the old days many girls from workers’ families in towns and from farmers’ families in the country worked in rich people’s houses. They had to do all the housework. Their working day was usually very long and they often worked on Sundays, too.

One day a year, it was usually on Sunday in March, they could visit their mothers. They went home on that day and brought presents for their mothers and for other members of their families.

They could stay at home only one day, and then they went back to their work. People called that day Mothering Sunday.

Later, workers at the factories and girls who worked in the houses of rich families received one free day a week, and Mothering Sunday became a holiday Mother’s Day. It is usually on a Sunday in the middle of March.

On that day, sons and daughters visit their mothers and bring them flowers and little presents. The eldest  son must bring his mother a good cake. If sons or daughters cannot be with their mothers on that day, they usually send them presents.

Mother’s Day must be a day of rest for the mother of the family, so her daughters make the dinner on that day and lay the table and the sons help to wash the dishes after dinner.

In the United States of America and Canada, Mother’s Day is the second Sunday in May.

the eldest – самый старший

receive – получать

Answer the questions:

  1. Where did many girls from worker’s families work?
  2. What did they do there?
  3. When could they visit their mothers?
  4. How did people call that day?
  5. When do people usually celebrate Mother’s Day?

Olympic Games. (5)

Read the text and answer the questions.

The first Olympic Games took place in Greece more than two thousand and seven hundred years ago. Every year there was no war for five days and sports competitions took place.

The Games were organized for  more than six hundred years.

Then, for one thousand and five hundred years nothing more was heard of them.

The  modern  Olympic  Games began  again  in   1896. They take place every four years. They cannot take place in  a  country which  is at war,  and during the two world wars there were no Olympic Games.

During the Olympic Games there are competitions in many kinds of sport. They are, for example, running, jumping, athletics, swimming, boxing, basketball, football and others.

Winter Olympic Games first took place in 1924, and now they also take place every four years. At the Winter Olympic Games, many countries take part in competitions in skiing, skating, ice hockey and other winter sports.

The Games have taken place in many countries. The 22nd Olympic Games of 1980 were held in Moscow. For the first time in history, the Olympic Games were held in our country. It was a festival  of sport of friendship.

The sportsmen who take first place in the Olympic Games receive gold  medals, those who come second receive silver medals, and those who finish third receive bronze medals.

The Olympic Games are very popular in the world. They help world peace and friendship.

gold — золотой

silver — серебряный

bronze — бронзовый

receive – получать

competition – соревнование

friendship – дружба

peace – мир

Answer the questions:

1. When did the first Olympic Games take place?

2.  When did the modern Olympic Games begin again?

3. What competitions are there during the Olympic Games?

4. When did the first Winter Olympic Games take place?

5.  What competitions are there during the Winter Olympic Games?

6. Why are the Olympic Games so popular in the world?

Lewis Carroll (1832—1898). (8)

Read the text and answer the questions.

Lewis Carroll was the pen name of Charles Dodgson, the man who wrote a famous book for children, “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland”.

Charles Dodgson was born in England in 1832. When Charles finished school, he became a student at Oxford University, where he studied mathematics. In a few years he began to teach this subject at the university.

Charles Dodgson had no family, but he loved children very much. He often visited his friend Henry George Liddell, who had  a  large family. There were three   little girls in  the Liddell  family.

Dodgson liked Alice, who was four years old. He often told her interesting stories   which   he   made   up   himself. Charles told Alice the adventures of a little girl in Wonderland. Alice liked the   stories   very   much.   When   Alice  Liddell was ten years old, she asked  Charles  to write  down  these stories for her and  he did so. The name of the little girl in the stories was Alice too. A friend of the Liddells, who was a writer, read this handwritten book and liked it very much. He said that other children in England must read it too. Charles Dodgson decided to publish the book and took the pen name of Lewis Carroll.

After Lewis Carroll received the money for his book, he together with his friend Henry Liddell began to travel in Europe. They went to France, Germany and Russia.

 Wonderland    –  [‘w^ndəlaend] — Страна Чудес

 made up — сочинял

 handwritten    [‘haendritn] — рукописный

 to teach — учить, преподавать

Answer the questions:

1. What was the name of the writer who wrote “Alice’s  Adventures in Wonderland?”

2. What was his pen name?

3. Who did Charles Dodgson first tell his stories to?

4. What were the stories about?

5. Why did Dodgson decide to publish his book?

6. Where did Dodgson travel?

Great Libraries. (7)

Read the text and answer the questions.

Libraries are very important in the life of all people. We cannot buy all the books we want to read. That is why we take out books from libraries.

In Moscow, we have the State  Library, where we can find millions of books which were written in many countries. Another very big Moscow library is the Foreign Literature Library, where we can find books which were written by the greatest writers and poets of all countries and times.

The British Museum in London has a very big library. Many famous scientists, writers and politicians worked there.

There are libraries in every town and village in our country. We must understand what riches we can find in them; we must learn what the great men and women of literature, science and art teach us in their books.

 state [steit] — государственный

 foreign [‘forin] — иностранный

 scientist    [saiəntist] — ученый  

 politician – политик

Answer the questions:

  1. Why do we take books from libraries?
  2. What are the most famous libraries in Moscow?
  3. Where is a very big library in London?

A Football Match. (3)

Read the text and answer the questions.

Last Saturday afternoon Henry Brown and his father went to a football match. The Browns and many other people of their town think that theirs is the best team in their part of England.

There were fifteen thousand people at the football field. They came from many places because it was the most important match of the year.

At three o’clock everybody saw the two teams in the field. The home team were in blue and white shirts, and the visitors’ team were in red and white shirts.

The referee  began the match. For the first twenty minutes the home team were stronger and the ball was always on the visitors’ side of the field. Then a player from the visitors’ team scored the first goal. Soon after this the referee stopped the game because it was half-time.

In the second half of the match, the home team  were again the better players. They attacked all the time, and after ten minutes they scored their first goal. They scored again after a quarter of an hour; then, before the game ended, they scored a third goal and so won the match. All the people at the football field were very glad.

On their way home Mr. Brown said, “Well, that was a good game. The best we’ve seen this winter.”

“Yes, better than last week,” answered Henry.

 “They have a good team, but our players won because they can run faster. Who are they playing next week with?”

“Cardiff City, I think,” said Henry’s father.

“Do you think they’ll win?”

“I don’t know, but Cardiff has a good team this year.”

referee [,refəri:] — судья (в cnopтe)

a quarter of an hour – четверть часа

field – поле

Answer the questions:

1. Who scored only one goal?

2. Which of the two teams played faster?

3. What did Mr. Brown say on their way home?

4. Why are some football players very popular?

Sports and Games in  Britain and the  USA. (4)

Read the text and answer the questions.

Football is the most popular game in Britain. You can see that if you go to one of the important matches. Young people and old people shout and cheer for one side or the other. Nearly every school has its football team and every boy in Britain knows much about the game. He can tell you the names of the players in the most important teams, he has pictures of them and knows the results of many matches.

Football is a good team game. Boys learn to work together with others to help the team. Football is a good exercise for the body, it makes the players quick and strong.

In Britain the football season begins in the middle of August, usually on the second Saturday, and ends on the last Saturday in April.

At the beginning of the season all the school  football teams  and  the professional  teams train very hard.  They want to win their matches.

Tennis is very popular in Britain too. Most English parks have tennis courts where people can play the game. Every summer a great international tennis festival takes place at Wimbledon near London. Players from all over the world come there to take part in the competition.

Basketball was an American game. It was invented in 1891 by a teacher at a sports school in Springfield, Massachusetts. He wanted to have an indoor game that people could play between the football season in winter and the baseball season in summer.

Baskets were hung on the walls of the gymnasium. These baskets gave the game its name. The players had to throw the ball into the basket. In those days the baskets had bottoms. When a player threw the ball into the basket, somebody had to bring a ladder and take the ball out again.

Now basketball is played all over the world. Basketball teams from many countries play in the Olympic Games.

to  cheer— приветствовать, одобрять криками         indoor [‘indo:] — в помещении

basket [‘bcr.skit] — корзина                                         nearly [‘niəli] — почти

bottom [‘botəm] —дно                                                   to    train    [trein]—тренироваться

court [ko:t] — корт, площадка для игры                     ladder – лестница

   Answer the questions:

  1. What is the most popular game in Britain?
  2. What is   a good team game?      
  3. When does  the football season begin in Britain?          
  4.  Where does a  great international tennis festival take place ?
  5.  When was basketball invented?

Moscow, the Capital of Our Motherland. (6)

Read the text and answer the questions.

Of all towns and cities in Russia, the largest and the most important is the Hero City of Moscow, the capital of our country.

The history of Moscow began in the year 1147, and since then the city has always been very important in the life of the whole country.

Moscow is not only the political centre. It is also the centre of the industrial and cultural life of Russia.

Moscow has thousands of factories. What they make is not used in the capital only. Different machines, cars, watches, clothes, toys, sweets and very many other things go to all parts of the country.

There are a lot of libraries in Moscow. The State Library, for example, is one of the biggest in the world. It has millions of books, magazines and newspapers.

The museums, art galleries, theatres and monuments make our capital a world cultural centre. Every day thousands of people visit the Memorial of the Great Patriotic War, the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts and the Tretyakov Gallery. And who has not heard of the Bolshoi Theatre? All people hope to visit it long before coming to Moscow.

Moscow is also a great transport  centre. Trains and planes come to the capital every day from all parts of Russia and from other countries. Our capital is a port of five seas.

We are proud of Moscow.

   Answer the questions:

  1. What is Moscow?
  2. Since what time has Moscow been very important in the life of our country?
  3. What can you say about Moscow as an industrial centre?
  4. Which famous Moscow museums do you know?
  5. Which are the most popular Moscow theatres?

London. (12)

Read the text and answer the questions.

London is the British capital and one of the biggest cities in the world.

The oldest part of London is called the City. It is small, but it is very important. Two thousand years ago a town was built here. For hundreds of years people lived and worked there, but now very many of the old houses are gone. Thousands of people come here every morning to work in large offices.

To the east is the large area called the East End. This is London’s poorest part, where people of all colours live. The very large riverside docks in the East End make London one of the three largest ports in the world.

To the west are the fine shops and theatres of the area known as the West End. This part is best known to rich tourists. Oxford Street with its great department stores is the favourite street for shopping. In the West End there are beautiful parks too. The largest of all London’s parks is the Hyde Park.

The Houses of Parliament are along the bank of the Thames and Parliament Square is one of many London squares. Some of them are small, others are large and busy, like Trafalgar Square.

riverside dock – док на берегу реки

bank [baenk] — берег реки

busy [‘bizi] – оживленный

   Answer the questions:

  1. What is the oldest part of London?
  2. What is London’s poorest part?
  3. What is the favourite street for shopping in London?
  4. What are the most famous London’s squares?

New Year in England. (10)

Read the text and answer the questions.

In England the New Year is not so popular as in our country. Almost nobody celebrates New Year’s Day in the South of England. People go to bed at the usual time on New Year’s Eve. But in some parts in the North and in Scotland  it is a great holiday.

How do English people celebrate the New Year?

Well, usually there is a New Year party, either a family party or one held by some young people. This usually begins at eight o’clock in the evening and ends in the early hours of the morning.

Another popular way of celebrating the New Year is to go to a New Year’s dance. Many hotels and dancing halls hold a dance on New Year’s Eve. The hall is decorated, there is much music and everybody is very happy.

The most famous celebration is in the centre of London where people gather and sing.

The 1st of January, New Year’s Day, is now a holiday, people do not go to work. They send New Year postcards and some people give presents to each other.

New Year’s Day is the time for making New Year resolutions, to decide to do or stop doing something in the new year. For example, Mary Smith’s New Year resolution, as she writes in her letter to a friend, is not to talk at the lessons any more.

New Year’s Eve [i:v] – предновогодний вечер

famous-знаменитый

resolution- решение ( что-то делать)

Answer the questions:

  1. Is New Year so popular in England as in our country?
  2. When does usually a New Year Party begin?
  3. What are the most popular ways of celebrating the New Year?
  4. What do usually people do on the 1st of January?

Yuri Gagarin (1934—1968). (9)

Read the text and answer the questions.

Yuri Gagarin’s name, the name of the first cosmonaut ‘ is known to everybody. His life and work are a great example to all young people.

Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin was born in the village of Klushino in Smolensk region on March 9, 1934, into the family of a collective farmer.

In 1951 he finished a vocational school 2 in the town of Lyubertsy, near Moscow, and at the same time he finished an evening school.

When he was a schoolboy, his favourite subjects were physics and mathematics. He read a lot of books.

Yuri Gagarin began to fly while he was a student of a technical secondary school  in Saratov. He was a member of an aeroclub.

In 1955, he entered a flying school. Two years later he became a pilot and soon he joined the first group of Soviet cosmonauts.

On April 12, 1961, Yuri Gagarin flew into space  for the first time in history. He spent 108 minutes there.

When he came back in his spaceship Vostok, he was made a Hero of the Soviet Union and awarded the Order of Lenin and the Gold  Star Medal.

Yuri Gagarin visited many countries. Millions of people saw him and listened to him. They greeted him as a great patriot of our country. Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin was commander of the cosmonaut group, he prepared to fly in a new spaceship.

He did not go into space again, but people will always remember him as the world’s first space pilot, a hero.

 vocational [vou’keisənl] school — ремесленное училище

 technical [‘teknikəl] secondary [‘sekəndəri] school — техникум

 space – космос

 gold — золото

 

Answer the questions:

1. Who was the first pilot-cosmonaut of the USSR?

2. What is April 12th, 1961, famous for?

3. Why does everybody know that day?        

4. Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin was commander of the cosmonaut group, wasn’t he?

The Broken Vase. (13)

Read the text and answer the questions.

There was once a young man who was in love with a beautiful girl. The girl’s parents were rich, but the young man was very poor. When the girl’s birthday was coming, the young man wanted to make her a present. He wanted to buy something beautiful for her, but he had no idea what to buy. Beautiful things cost a lot of money and he had very little. He went into a shop where there were many nice things, but they were all too dear. Then he saw a vase. The vase was so beautiful that he could not take his eyes off. The owner of the shop saw this. “Why are you so interested in that vase?” he asked. “Do  you want to buy it?”

     “No, I can’t,” said the young man, and he told him everything.

      The owner of the shop thought for a moment and then said, “I can help you. Do you see that broken vase in the corner there? I shall order my servant to pack the pieces and take it to the girl you love. When he enters the room, he will drop it.”

On the girl’s birthday everything happened as had been planned. The servant brought the vase, and as he entered the room, he dropped it. Everybody was shocked. But when the vase was unpacked, the guests saw that each piece had been packed separately.

owner [‘ounə] — владелец

drop – ронять

happen — случаться

separately- отдельно

Answer the questions:

  1. Was a young man rich or very poor?
  2. What did he want to buy for a beautiful girl?
  3. What did he see in the shop?
  4. How did the owner of the shop help a young man?
  5. What did the guests see when the vase was unpacked?

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Учебно-методический материал по английскому языку (9 класс) на тему: текст для чтения с заданиями

The open window (after H. Munro)

“My aunt will come down in a few minutes, Mr Nuttel,” said a girl of fifteen, showing him into the sitting-room. Mr Nuttel was a young painter who had recently had a nervous breakdown (нервное расстройство). The doctors had told him that he should go away for a holiday. They warned(предупреждать) him, however, against crowded resorts and recommended a complete rest in a quiet country-place. So here he was, in a little village, with letters of introduction from his sister to some of the people she knew.
“Some of the people there are quite nice,” his sister had said to him. “I advise you to call on Mrs Sappleton as soon as you arrive. I owe the wonderful holiday I had to her.”
“Do you know many of the people round here?” asked the girl when they were sitting comfortably on the sofa.
“No, I’m afraid I don’t,” answered Mr Nuttel. “I’ve never been here before. My sister stayed here four years ago, you know, and she gave me letters of introduction to some of the people here.”
“Then you know nothing about my aunt, do you?” asked the girl.
“Only her name and address,” said the visitor.
“Her great tragedy happened just three years ago,” said the child.
“Her tragedy?” asked Mr Nuttel.
“You may wonder why we keep that window wide open on an October afternoon,” went on the girl, pointing to a large French window.
“It’s quite warm for this time of year,” said Mr Nuttel. “But has that window anything to do with the tragedy?”
“Exactly three years ago my aunt’s husband and her two young brothers walked out through that window. They went shooting(охота) and never came back. When they were crossing the river their boat probably turned over and they were all drowned. Their bodies were never found. That was the most horrible part of the tragedy.” Here the girl stopped. There were tears in her eyes and she drew a handkerchief(носовой платок) out of her pocket. “Three years have passed, but my poor aunt still thinks that they will come back some day, they and the little brown dog that was drowned with them, and walk in through that window just as they always did. That is why the window is kept open every evening till it’s quite dark. Poor dear aunt, she can’t understand that they’ve left forever. She’s growing worse day by day, so let me give you some advice. Don’t be surprised at anything she says or does: she will start telling you all over again how they went out — her husband, with his coat over his arm, and her youngest brother, singing ‘Bertie, why don’t you come?…’ as she once told me. You know, sometimes, on quiet evenings like this, I almost get a feeling that they will all walk in through that window, and the whole family will be gathered in here again.” The young girl finished her sad story. There was a long pause, and Mr Nuttel was glad when Mrs Sappleton at last entered the room.
“I’m sorry I’m late,” she said, “but I hope my niece(племянница) has entertained(развлекала) you well.”
“Yes, she’s been very amusing,” said Mr Nuttel.
“D’you mind the open window?” asked Mrs Sappleton. “My husband and brothers will soon be home from shooting and they always come into the house this way.” And she went on speaking gaily(весело) about shooting. After what Mr Nuttel had just heard, he looked worried.
“The doctors told me,” he said, trying to change the subject, “to have a rest here and to avoid anything that would make me feel nervous.”
“Did they?” said Mrs Sappleton in a voice which showed that she was not at all interested in what Mr Nuttel was saying. She never took her eyes off the open window and suddenly cried out:
“Here they are at last! Just in time for tea. How tired they look.”
Mr Nuttel looked at the girl and saw that she was looking out through the open window with horror in her eyes. Mr Nuttel turned round slowly in his seat, looked in the same direction and saw three figures walking across the garden towards the window. They all carried guns and one of them had a coat over his shoulder. A tired brown dog was following them. Noiselessly they approached the house, and then a young voice began to sing. “Bertie, why don’t you come?”
Mr Nuttel seized(схватил) his hat and ran out of the house like mad.
“Here we are, my dear,” said Mrs Sappleton’s husband, coming in through the window. “We’ve enjoyed ourselves very much. I wonder what made that gentleman run out so quickly when we came up? Who is he?”
“A very strange young man, called Nuttel. He could only talk about his illness. He didn’t say a single interesting thing. I don’t understand why he ran out that way without saying good-bye,” said his wife.
“I think it was the dog,” said the niece calmly. “He told me that he was afraid of dogs. Once when he was attacked by a pack(стая) of dogs somewhere in India, he was so frightened that he started running like mad, and finding himself in a cemetery(кладбище), climbed down into a newly-dug grave(недавно вырытая могила), where he had to spend the night. Since then he has always been afraid of dogs.”
She was very good at inventing stories and did it artistically.

Задания к тексту:

  1. Сделайте полный перевод рассказа.
  2. Найдите предложения, где, вам кажется, выражены основные мысли текста.
  1. Перечислите героев рассказа.
  1. Переведите письменно следующие предложения:

1.So here he was, in a little village, with letters of introduction from his sister to some of the people she knew.
2.Exactly three years ago my aunt’s husband and her two young brothers walked out through that window.

3.When they were crossing the river their boat probably turned over and they were all drowned.

4.Poor dear aunt, she can’t understand that they’ve left forever.

5.”D’you mind the open window?”

6.”My husband and brothers will soon be home from shooting and they always come into the house this way.”

7.”Here they are at last! Just in time for tea. How tired they look.”

8.They all carried guns and one of them had a coat over his shoulder.

9.Once when he was attacked by a pack(стая) of dogs somewhere in India, he was so frightened that he started running like mad, and finding himself in a cemetery(кладбище), climbed down into a newly-dug grave(недавно вырытая могила), where he had to spend the night. Since then he has always been afraid of dogs.

       

  1. Найдите в тексте предложения в Present Perfect.
  1. Сколько раз в тексте встречается слово «собака»?
  1. Задайте общий, специальный, альтернативный, разделительный вопрос и вопрос к подлежащему к данному предложению:  

              A tired brown dog was following them.

  1. Напишите транскрипции следующих слов:

Owe, introduction, handkerchief, cemetery, tragedy, noiselessly.

  1. Напишите краткий пересказ.

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Тест по английскому языку (9 класс) на тему: Контрольная работа. Чтение в форме ОГЭ (9 класс).

Variant I

Task 1

  1. Nice place to live
  2. What a shape!
  3. English mystery
  4. Underwater  trains
  5. Angel is a surname
  1. The Grand Canyon may seem like a very desolate and unfriendly place,  but it’s actually home to a variety of plants and animals. Grand Canyon National park has 75 species of mammals (coyotes, mountain lions, deer), 50 species of reptiles and amphibians (rattlesnakes, lizards, toads), 25 species of fish and over 300 kinds of birds (falcons, bald eagles)! It is also home for a number of scorpions and spiders! Humans have also lived in and around the grand Canyon for thousands of years.
  2. Stonehenge is a mysterious circle of giant stones in southern England. It was built probably between 3000 and 2000 BC. Some of the stones weigh over 25 tons! The giant rocks were obviously arranged with some purpose in mind. But what was it? Most historians agree that it was built as a temple, but it was also probably used as an early astronomical tool!
  3. The Bermuda Triangle is an imaginary triangle in the Atlantic Ocean between Florida, Puerto Rico and Bermuda. Planes and ships have disappeared in the area, and some people blame the disappearances on supernatural forces. There are also natural explanations, though. The scientists say that this is one of two places on Earth where a magnetic compass points towards true north, instead of magnetic north, so planes or ship could get off course if they don’t make adjustments.
  4. Can the trains go under the sea? Now they can! The Channel Tunnel is 31 miles long, and 23 of those are underneath the English Channel! It takes only 20 minutes to travel from England to France. They made a huge 90 acre park with all the dirt they dug up to built it. It took nearly 13,000engeneers, technicians and workers to build it!
  5. The highest waterfall in the world in Angels Falls in the rainforest of Venezuela. It’s about 20 times taller than Niagara Falls – the water drops a distance of 3,212 feet! Because it’s surrounded by thick forests, Angel Falls wasn’t discovered until the early 1930s. The waterfall was named after American explorer James Angel, who crash-landed his planet near it soon after its discovery.

Текст

1

2

3

4

5

Утверждение

Task 2

On August 23rd, the Norwegians’ sledges were ready. They took them outside, and the dogs pulled them across the ice. The sun came up for a half an hour, but it was too cold – 1.______. They could not travel in that weather.  They went back to the camp and waited. They waited two weeks, 2._________. Then, with the temperature at 37 degrees below zero, they started. They ran happily across the snow to the south – eight men, seven sledges and 3.________. Only Lindstrom, the cook, stayed behind in the camp. At first everything went well. They went twenty-eight kilometers on Saturday and 4._________. It was easy. Then, on Monday, The temperature went down to – 56 degrees. There was white fog in front of their faces. They couldn’t see anything. But they travelled twenty-eight kilometers. That night, in their tents, they nearly died of cold. Next day, they stopped and  5._______. Inside the snow houses it was warm.

  1. twenty-eight kilometers
  2. eighty-six dogs
  3. 46 degrees below zero
  4. made snow houses
  5. until September 8th

Task 3

  1. O’Henry whose real name was William Porter (1862-1910) _____ one of
  2. the _________ writers born in America and in Europe.
  3. He had tried various professions before he turned to journalism. He ________ at a chemist’s and then in a bank. Although he was innocent he was accused of having stolen one thousand dollars and was put in prison.
  4. It was there that he began to write _____ short stories.
  5. Their heroes are ordinary American_____ in big cities or in the wild West. Great humour is an outstanding characteristic of most of O’Henry’s stories.

Be

Popular

Work

He

Man

Variant 2

Task 1

А. a rock star

B. a radio presenter

C. a pop promoter

D. an opera singer

E. a music historian

People tell us about their careers in music.

  1. I was born in Wales, and I think it was probably thanks to my father that I got interested in music at the first place. He used to sing in the choir every Saturday and Sunday, and I used to go along too to watch and listen. Anyway I was about eight, I went to private lessons, and it was there I really began my thinking. A lot later on, I went to drama school, which was very good for me, because obviously I needed training in acting as well as singing. I got used to appearing in theatres and in front of audience, and that was there I spotted by i=one of the big producers. I went off to London to sing and to start me off on my career.
  2. I didn’t always go on tour with my band, it has been the last five years. Till then, I was with an orchestra playing for musicals, but I got tired of doing the same thing, so I joined the band because they needed a guitarist. So I have a background in classical music, of course you can’t tell because the heavy metal stuff we play is about as different as you can get. And all those days taught me how important it was to practice, so I like to think we’re pretty professional.
  3. I grew up like most people, I suppose, liking all sorts of pop music, buying singles and in fact I still listen to that sort of thing quite a lot. I wanted to know more about musical styles and traditions. Then a bit later on I got very interested in eighteen century music, and I did some research on the subject when I was at university. Now I lecture at university.
  4. It’s a funny business – you get to meet a lot of famous people and if you’re organizing a tour for them you to get to know them quite well, because you can be together more or less all day for two or three weeks; but a lot of what I do isn’t exciting – I have to make sure that the hotel are booked, that the groups have got everything they need for the concerts. They are used to get everything they want, and it’s my role to look after them.
  5. I got into this line of work because the jazz scene was always a passion of mine, and one of day I happened to meet a friend who told me there was a vacancy for someone to do a new jazz programme. So I applied, and I didn’t really expect to get the job because I hadn’t had much experience, but I got it, and the show has been running for ten years now.

Текст

1

2

3

4

5

Утверждение

Task 2

In a lonely part of South America there is a mysterious mountain valley, separated from the world of men, 1._____. Many ago it was possible for men to travel through the dangerous mountains and reach this wonderful place. A few people indeed go a family or so from Peru who were trying to escape from an evil ruler. Then came a 2.________, followed by landslides and sudden floods. One side of an old mountain slipped and came down with a noise thunder, and so the Country of the Blind became 3.______.                                                                                                                                                                                           The valley  had in it everything that anyone could want – sweet water, grassy meadows, a good climate and slopes of rich brown soil with small trees that bore excellent fruit. The people did very well there, and their animals soon increased in numbers. But one thing spoiled 4._______, although it did not spoil it greatly, a strange disease spread among them which made children 5._________.

  1. born in the valley blind
  2. called the Country of the Blind
  3. separated from the outside world for ever
  4. great earthquake
  5. their happiness

Task 3

  1. One of the________ global products today is Coca-Cola.
  2. Coke ______ invented by a pharmacist called Dr. Pemberton in 1886. Pemberton produced a syrup for a new drink and
  3.  accidentally ______ carbonated water. The result was a soft drink that was called ‘both delicious and refreshing’.
  4. During its ______ year Pemberton sold just nine bottles per day, but from these small beginnings Coca-Cola gradually grew into the world’s largest manufacturer of soft drinks.
  5. Every day Coca-Cola products are served more than 1 billion times to people in more than 200______.

Strong

Be

Add

One

Country

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Тест (английский язык, 9 класс) по теме: Контроль навыков чтения, 9 класс

Economy wasted trip

An Englishman who was in France wanted to go back to England by sea. But he had very little money. He had so little money that he could pay only for the ticket. As he knew that the trip would last only two days, he decided not to eat during these days.

        As he took a ticket and got on the ship the next morning, he tried not to hear the bell for breakfast. When dinner time came, he was very hungry; but he didn’t go to the dining-room. In the evening he was still more hungry, but when the waiter came to invite him to have supper, the Englishman said that he was ill.

        The next day the Englishman was half-dead and couldn’t stand the hunger any longer. “I shall go and eat even if they kick me out into the sea”, said he to himself. So he went to the ship dining-room and had his dinner. In the evening he had supper but was very much afraid of his future because he didn’t pay for the meals. At last he addressed the waiter and said: “Bring me the bill, please”. – “What bill?” asked the waiter. – “For the supper and dinner I had in your dining-room”. – “Don’t trouble, Sir. You paid for your meals when you bought the ticket”.

  1. Выберите вариант a,b,c, соответствующий ответу:
  1. The Englishman wanted to go back to England
  1. by air
  2. by sea
  3. by car
  1. The Englishman decided not to go to the dining-room because
  1. he wasn’t hungry
  2. he cooked meals himself
  3. he had no money to pay for meals
  1. When the waiter came to invite him to have supper
  1. the Englishman said that he was ill
  2. the Englishman pretended that he was sleeping
  3. the Englishman didn’t answer
  1. The Englishman was afraid of his future because
  1. the meals were bad
  2. he didn’t pay for the meals
  3. the storm had begun
  1. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты следующих выражений:
  1. заплатить только за билет
  2. пригласить его на ужин
  3. не мог терпеть голод
  4. принесите мне счет
  5. длиться только 2 дня
  1. Выясните, верно ли высказывание:
  1. The Englishman had very little money.
  2. The Englishman wasn’t hungry during the journey.
  3. The next day the Englishman went to the dining-room to have dinner.
  4. The Englishman had to pay for the meals.

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