Long-long ago there lived an old man with his wife, and their married son. They lived poorly. Once an old man told his son:
– Let’s go behind the Great Wall and start trading, otherwise we can’t make both ends meet.
– That’s a good idea, – his son said.
After they’d made a decision, they told it to the old woman and her daughter-in-law. They were both glad, and soon the old man and his son gathered some money and went behind the Great Wall.
They stayed in the town called Guchine and started trading. Their business was really good, and the profit was big enough.
Once they decided to send a letter to their relatives, but neither could write and so they asked one man to do it. But he didn’t know the hieroglyphs well and instead of writing, “The trade is good, we hired one man”, he wrote, “The trade is good, one man died”.
They gave the letter to one traveler who was going to their native town and asked him, “When you go back, please, bring us an answer”.
The traveler came to their relatives, gave them this letter and said, “Your relatives asked you to write an answer. I’m going back to Guchine in a couple of days, and I’ll come to you to get your answer”.
When the traveler was returning, he came for an answer, but he saw a funeral sign on the gate and decided not to bother them.
On arriving to Guchine, he told the old man and his son that somebody had died. So they were sad and tried to guess who had died. Then they decided to return back home. The next day they left the town. Soon they reached the junction. One road led to the uncle (who was his mother’s brother) and the other led to their own house.
The old man told his son, “Will you, please, go to your uncle and find out who had died”. So the son went to his uncle and the old man went to the village.
The old man entered the yard and saw his daughter-in-law, but didn’t see his wife. The daughter-in-law saw her father-in-law, but didn’t see her husband. An old man thought that his wife had died, and his daughter-in-law thought that her husband had died. But they didn’t say a word, and just started crying.
The son went to his uncle and saw his mother. The mother thought that her husband had died and the son thought that his wife had died. They were crying loudly for a long time.
Soon his uncle said, “You can’t help your grief with tears. Let’s go home, and I’ll go with you”.
When they arrived home they heard someone crying there. When they entered the hall, they saw that everyone was alive. The uncle was surprised and asked: ”Who are you mourning?” So they began to find out why that strange thing had happened and realized that one hieroglyph had been mixed up in the letter.
Well, you see what might happen if a person who doesn’t know how to write, starts writing a letter.
Exercise 1. Give the English equivalents:
давайте уйдём за Великую стену и займёмся торговлей; доход был немалый; наняли одного человека; они отдали письмо путнику; я собираюсь уезжать в Гучыне и зайду за ответом; он увидел на воротах траурный знак; слезами горю не поможешь; оплакивать; в письме был перепутан всего один иероглиф.
Exercise 3. Focus on Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense.
Open the brackets putting the verbs in the Past Simple or the Past Perfect tenses:
1) The son (think) his wife (die).
2) When I (arrive) my mother (cook) already dinner.
3) George (say) he (be) never to Paris.
4) We (write) a dictation before our teacher (read) a new story.
5) My friend (see) a horse before we (come) to the restaurant.
6) Rachel (say) she (write) already an e-mail letter to her uncle.
7) I (go) to the supermarket after I (do) my homework.
8) Daniel (paint) a picture after he (buy) water-colors.
9) My sister (ask) me if I (be) to the clothes shop.
10) Our neighbor (tell) us he (hear) a strange noise upstairs.
Exercise 4. Discuss these questions:
Английский язык для 9 класса. DjVu
Учебник оцифровал Василий Дёмин.
Invaders of the British Isles 114
Scotland Fights for Its Independence 116
King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table. Parti 117
King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table. Part II 120
King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table. Part III 122
King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table. Part IV 124
Three Promises. Parti 126
Three Promises. Part II 129
Reading in November and December
Task 9. Travelling in England Before Railways 132
Task 10. Two Stories About Art 133
Task 11. A Detective Story. Parti 135
Task 12. A Detective Story. Part II 137
Task 13. What Was Behind a Short Article. Parti 139
Task 14. What Was Behind a Short Article. Part II 142
Reading in January February and March
Task 15. Black Beauty 45
Task 16. The Selfish Giant 46
Task 17. The Words of the English Language 149
Task 18. The Horse Guards 50
Task 19. How People in Britain First Got Their Names 151
Task 20. Loch Ness Monster 53
Task 21. The Invisible Man 55
Task 22. Quality 57
Task 23. Conversation Books. Parti 59
Task 24. Conversation Books. Part II 150
Reading in April and May
Task 25. A Secret Request 53
Task 26. The Monument 155
Task 27. Zoya 157
Task 28. The Banner of Victory 69
Task 29. The Order of the Red Star
Task 30. Anatoly Merzlov’s Field 72
International WordList 75
Прочитайте сказку «Эгоистичный великат, написанную английским писателем Оскаром Уайльдом (1854 — 1900). При чтении обратите внимание на произнесение имени и фамилии писателя и названия сказки:
Oscar Wilde [‘oska ‘waild], “The Selfish Giant” [‘selfij ‘d3aiant].
The SeSfish Giant
(After Oscar Wilde)
In a far country there was a giant who had a beautiful garden full of fruit trees, flowers and green grass. Every day he walked in his garden. But one day he decided to go on a long visit to another giant, a friend of his. For a long time nobody walked in the giant’s garden.
Then the children came. Every day, after school, they played in the giant’s garden. It was a splendid garden. The Ыгф sang in the trees, and their songs were so beautiful that the children stopped their games to listen to them.
“How happy we are here!” they cried to each other.
One day, however, the giant came back from the visit to his friend and saw the children playing in the garden.
“What are you doing here?” he cried angrily, and the children ran away.
“My own garden is my own garden,” said the giant, “and nobody will play in it.” So he built a high wall all round it.
He was a very selfish giant.
The poor children tried to play on the road, but it was full of stones, and they did not like it. They walked round the high wall when their lessons were over and talked about the beautiful garden,
“How happy we were there!” they said to each other.
Then the spring came, and in all the gardens there were beautiful flowers and little birds. Only in the garden of the selfish giant it was still winter. The birds did not like to sing in it because there were no children there, and the trees did not want to blossom.
“I cannot understand why the spring is so late in coming,” said the selfish giant, as he sat at the window and looked out at his cold, white garden; “I hope there will be a change in the weather.” But the spring and the summer never came. “He is too selfish,” they said. So it was always winter there, and the north wind and the snow danced in the garden.
One morning the giant was lying in bed when he heard some beautiful music. It was a little bird singing outside his window. He had not heard a bird sing in his garden for a very long time, and he thought that the bird’s song was the most beautiful music in the world. “I believe the spring has come at last,” said the giant; and he jumped out of bed and looked out.
What did he see?
He saw a wonderful sight. In every tree that he could see there was a little child. And the trees were so glad to have the children back again that they had covered themselves with blossoms. The birds were flying about and singing in the trees, and the flowers were
laughing in the green grass. It was a beautiful picture, only in one corner it was still winter. A little boy was standing there. He was so small that he could not climb up the tree, and so he was crying. The poor tree was still covered with snow, and the north wind was blowing above it.
“Climb up, little boy!” said the tree, but the boy was too small.
“How selfish I have been!” said the giant; “now I know why the spring did not want to come here. I will put that poor little boy on the top of the tree, and then I will destroy the wall, and my garden will be the children’s playground.” He was really very sorry for what he had done.
So he opened the door and went out into the garden. But when the children saw him, they all ran away, and the garden became winter again. Only the little boy did not run, because he did not see the giant coming. The giant came up to him, took him in his great hand, and put him up into the tree. The tree began to blossom at once. The birds came and sang in it, and the little boy kissed the giant. And the other children, when they saw that the giant was not angry any longer, came running back, and with them came the spring.
“It is your garden now, little children,” said the giant and he destroyed the wall.
And when the people were going to market at twelve o’clock, they found the giant playing with the children in the most beautiful garden they had ever seen.
Every afternoon, when school was over, the children came and played with the giant.
“I have many beautiful flowers,” he said; “but the children are the most beautiful flowers of all.”
selfish — эгоистичный to blossom [‘blosam] — цвести
giant [‘(^aiant] — великан at once — тотчас же
angrily [‘аедопЬ] — сердито to kiss — целовать
* * *
I. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:
1. Where did children play while the giant was on a visit?
2. Why didn’t the spring come to the giant’s garden?
3. What did the giant do when he saw a little boy in one corner of his garden?
4. What did the people see when they were going to market?
II. Прочитайте из текста предложения, которые объясняют, чем были вызваны следующие восклицания детей:
1. “How happy we are here!”
2. “How happy we were there!”
111. Найдите в тексте и прочитайте слова великана, характеризующие его эгоизм.
IV. Выпишите из второй части текста описание того, что названо так: “a wonderful sight”, “a beautiful picture”.
Прочитайте краткий очерк о происхождении английского языка, о том, как он развивался и обогащался за счет других языков. При чтении обратите внимание на произнесение следующих собственных имен:
Scandinavia Lskaendi’neivja], Spain [speinl, South America I’sauOa’merika].
The Words of the English Language
The words of the English language came from many different sources. The English language began from the Germanic dialects of the Angles *, Saxons * and Jutes*, who invaded Britain* and settled there from the 5th to the 6th centuries.
There are almost no words in modern English which come from the Celtic* language of the Britons*, who were conquered by the Romans. There are also very few words from the Latin that was used in Britain at that time.
Viking* invaders from Scandinavia added their words to the language of the Anglo-Saxons*.
For nearly two hundred years two languages were spoken in England — Anglo-Saxon and Norman-French. In the end, the language spoken by the greater part of the population became, in the 13th century, the official language of England. It is called Old English,Chaucer’s English, a language which is very difficult for English people to read today.
Later, English explorers and traders brought into the language many words from peoples living in different parts of the world. For example from Spain and South America came “potato”, “tobacco”.
A very large number of English words have come from Norman-French. The French language comes from Latin. But many other English words have come straight from Latin. Latin was the language that scientists even in the 17th century used and wrote their books in.
Latin has given modern English more words than any other language.
Many words have come into the English language from classical Greek, for example, the Greek word “autos” meaning “self” gives “autobiography”, “automobile”, “autograph”, “automatic” and other words.
Greek and Latin together have given the world a very large number of international words — especially scientific and political words.
These words are used in most languages, though the form and pronunciation may follow the rules of the native language. Examples are not very far away. You have only to look at the list of international words in your textbook.
The English language, like all languages, continues to grow. New words are added from the dialects and languages of different peoples,
and especially from new developments In politics, science, sports, and all kinds of activities.
Germanic [d33:’meenikj — германский native I’neitiv] — местный
scientist [‘saiantistj — ученый science [‘saians] — наука
pronunciation [pra^nAnsi’eiJanj — произношение
* * *
I. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:
1. What languages have given very many of the words used in English today?
2. From what other languages have other English words come?
3. How has the English language continued to grow?
II. Выпишите из текста:
а) слова — страноведческие понятия;
б) английские слова, заимствованные из других языков;
в) интернациональные слова.
Прочитайте текст об одном из хорошо известных лондонских зданий и о традициях, связанных с ним.
The Horse Guards
You have read a lot about places of interest in London. But London is a great city, and there is always something new to see or to read about.
One of the sights of London is the Horse Guards*. The “Horse Guards” means both the eighteenth century building in the street called Whitehall* and the queen’s cavalry. The building is at the back of a very large closed square called the Horse Guards Parade.
Today, horses are not seen as often as they were in the past, especially in towns. They are not used very much now. Machines, motor cars and lorries have taken their place. But you can see horses, horsemen and cavalry in the British capital every day.
In the morning, early, you may see horsemen and horsewomen riding in the parks, but not so often as in the past. However, the horse guards are more interesting to tourists than these horsemen.
Outside the Horse Guards in Whitehall at the gates into the Horse Guards Parade there are always two horse guards on duty. They wear red and white uniforms with big black riding-boots and big silver helmets. They carry swords. In winter they wear red greatcoats. From 10 o’clock in the morning till 4 in the afternoon they are on horseback; at other times they are on foot.
Every day people come to see the Horse Guards. Groups of tourists stand around and take pictures. Neither man nor horse moves, they stand like statues, and people discuss whether horse or man will move first. Sometimes children are held up to touch the head of one of the horses. The guard is changed every hour. This is an interesting ceremony to watch.
closed [klouzd] — замкнутый silver I’silva] — серебряный
motor car [‘moutaka] — автомобиль greatcoat [‘greit’kout] — шинель
outside [‘aut’said] — снаружи
* * *
I. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:
1. Where can you see horses and horsemen in London?
2. What can you say to describe the horse guards as they stand on guard?
II. Найдите в тексте и прочитайте предложения, в которых говорится о местонахождении здания Королевской конной гвардии.
III. Выпишите описание одежды и оружия королевских конногвардейцев, привлекающих внимание туристов.
Прочитайте текст о том, как создавались фамилии жителей Британских островов, распространившиеся впоследствии на другие страны английского языка. При чтении обратите внимание на произнесение следующих собственных имен:
John [djDn], David f’deivid], Mary [‘mean], Johnson f’dpnsn], Davidson [‘deividsn], Wilson f’wilsn], Peterson [‘putasn], Dickson [‘diksn], Williamson I’wiljamsn], Mac [msek], Adam [‘aedam], Macadam [ma’kaedam], O’Neil [ou’ni:l], Fitzwilliam [fits’wiljam], Fitzpatrick [fits’paetrikj, Atwater [‘3et,wa:ta], Hampton I’haemptanj.
How People in Britain First Got Their Names
Most names of today’s population in England, the United States and Canada, Australia, and In fact the whole English-speaking world, had their beginning long ago in England.
There are many ways in which English family names began, so many that there are whole books about them. In this text you will read about a few of the different ways. When you read the text, you will see that many Russian family names began in the same way as English family names.
About a thousand years ago there were very few people living in the British Isles. Towns and villages were very small, and in the country-side people lived far from each other. Because there were so few
people, almost everyone had only one name. A name such as John, David or Mary was all that was needed.
As time went on, more and more people appeared in the towns and country-side of Britain. To distinguish one John by name from another, people began to add a family name to the first names. When “John’s son” was made into one word, “Johnson”, it was used as a family name. There are many examples of “son” names, such as Davidson, Wilson, Peterson, Dickson, Williamson.
The Scottish “Mac” also meant “the son of”, so Macadam meant “the son of Adam”. The same can be said about the Irish “O” — O’Neil meant “the son of Neil”.
After the Norman conquest people in England began to use the Norman way of showing who a person’s father was: they added “fitz” to make Fitzwilliam, Fitzpatrick and other family names of this kind.
Later still family names came from the kind of work done by people. Many family names first began when people were described as John the Smith, John the Farmer, John the Baker — or, more simply John Baker.
One way to distinguish between one person and another was to say where they lived. In this way places also became family names. For example, if John lived near the water, he was called “John at water” or simply “John Atwater”. Another John who lived by the brook could be described as “John Brook”, and “John Fields” was not the same John as the one who lived by the bridge. Other names of this kind are Hill, Rivers, Waters, Forest.
In many towns and villages in Britain today you can see how many English family names began. Even the word “Town” is a well-known family name, and “Hampton”, which is another family name, means “village”.
Yet another way to distinguish between one “Jonn” and another was to give them nicknames. Nicknames are very personal. They describe physical or other characteristics and served in the past to distinguish one man, and then his family, from another. “Strong”, “Short”, ana “Long” are only a few of the many names which first came from nicknames.
i.‘i fact — фактически smith — кузнец
way — способ baker [‘beika] — пекарь
country-side — сельская местность simply [‘simpli] — просто
to distinguish [dis’tirjgwiJ] — разли- brook — ручей
чать, отличать nickname [‘mkneimj — прозвище
KOHEЦ ФPAГMEHTA УЧЕБНИКА
Данное пособие содержит решебник (ГДЗ) книга для чтения Reader по Английскому языку за 9 класс . Автора: Афанасьева О.В., Михеева И.В. Издательство: Просвещение. Полные и подробные ответы к упражнениям на Гитем
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Книга для чтения. Happy English 2. Учебник английского языка для 7-9 классов. Клементьева — готовые домашние задания. ГДЗ по английскому
Задание № 45-50
щи Сил греческим народным героем. Он жил в 6-ом кекс до рождества христова. Он был рассказчиком басен и историй про животных, в которых животные велн себя, как люди. Хотя сам топ, возможно, не записывал свои басни самостоятельно, другие люди записывали собрания ею историй уже с четвертого столетия до рождества христова. Короткие, легкие для понимания, и забавляющие, учителя использовали басни Эзопа с древних времен, как тексты в школах.
Муравьи и Кузнечик
Нес лето муравьи были заняты. Они работали и строили планы на снежные месяца. Они сковали туда и обратно. Они собирали еду для долгих и холодных зимних дней. Большие муравьи носили палочки. Они собирали траву н зерно н откладывали их в своих Юрках.
Одним летним днем кузнечик наблюдал за занятыми маленькими муравьями. Они сновали гуда и обратно. Почему бы ни подойти и ни поболтать со мной, сказал кузнечик, вместо тою. чтобы вот так работать Почему они такие трудолюбивые в мкои прекрасный, теплый и солнечный день Я предполагаю они просто не знают, как хорошо проводить время.
Трудолюбивые маленькие муравьи продолжали работать. Они ни ни минуту не останавливались . чтобы поболтать с кузнечиком. Один из муравьев посмотрел на кузнечика и сказал сам себе, Чего яо он устанился и смется над нами, я предполагаю, он узнает цену голода, когда наступит зима.
Настало время зимы. Снег покрыл зеленые поля, и зерно исчезло. Одним зимним днем некоторые из муравьев выползли из своих муравейников на снег, чтобы осмотреться. Гам был ДЛИННОНОГИЙ кузнечик, который выглядел очень бледным н худым. Он сказал муравьям, что он умирал от голода, и что ему было нужно что-нибудь ci.eeгь. Он сказал, что у нею не было еды, и он не мог найти какую-нибудь еду во льду к снегу.
Ты так хорошо вел себя в летнее время, мистер кузнечик. Ты назвал нас сумасшедшими, за то, что мы тяжело работали. Теперь ты тот. кто голодает, а мы те. кто смеется. Кто теперь безумный Спросил один из муравьев с ухмылкой на своем лице.
Маленькие муравьи смотрели на большого, голодающего кузнечика и ждали ответа.
Затем длинноногий кузнечик сказал, я был слишком занят. Я писал музыку и наслаждался летним солнцем.
Все муравьи смотрели на кузнечика и смеялись над ним.
Самый маленький муравей вышел вперед и сказал. Минуточку, мистер Кузнечик. Даже хотя нам вас не жаль, мы не хотим, чтобы вы ушли голодным. На этот раз вы можете съесть немного нашей травы и зерна. Но мы надеемся, что вы усвоите, что голод, это цена, которую вы платите за то, что не планировали вперед. Есть время для работы и время для еды.
Мораль: Лучше готовиться к дням нужды.
52. Ответьте на вопросы.
1 Что делал кузнечик в жаркий летний день
On a hoi summer day the Grasshopper was watching the busy link- ants.
2 Что делали муравьи в жаркий летний доц. They were gathering food for the long, cold winter days.
3 Что случилось с муравьями, когда пришла зима
Nothing happened to ihcm because they had enough food to survive in winter.
4Что случилось с кузнечиком зимой Не was dying of hunger.
5 Каким героем вы бы хотели быть и почему
1 would like to be one of the ants because arc very clever and kind.
6 Вам поирШШась эта басня Почему или почему нет
Yes. I liked ihis fable. Because il is entertaining and easy to understand.
7 Какой ценный урок может быть изучен из этой басни We must not only play all the lime but work loo.
53. В нескольких словах перескажи сюжет и мораль.
All summer long, the ants were gathering food for the long, cold winter days. While the long-legged grasshopper was making music and enjoying the summertime sun. When wintertime came the intt had enough food to Nurvivc in winter. But the long-legged grasshopper was dying of hunger. So they gave him some food thai lime and lofd him that Лас was a time for work and a time for play.
56. Напишите о:
Как вы можете отличить насекомое от другого создания
Сколько ног есть у насекомого
Каковы части тела насекомого
Почему пауки не насекомые
Каковы некоторые родственники кузнечиков
Кузнечики самые музыкальные из всех насекомых
См. упр.66 стр.50
66. Сделайте обзор по насекомым. Прочитайте эту информацию. им можете M.iii f и се в газете.